Tuesday, February 8, 2011

Sukhdev: - Punjabi article by Prof. Malwinderjit Singh Waraich



                              ShId suKdyv
                  (15 meI 190723 mwrc 1931)
                        (pRo: mlivMdr jIq isMG vVYc)
      (j`jW Anuswr) “mukdI g`l, ibnW - S`k, ieh (suKdyv) 1927 qy 1928 dOrwn ienklwbI pwrtI leI vrkr jutWdw irhY, sqMbr 1928 vwlI id`lI mIitMg iv`c hwzr sI ij`Qy iehnUM kyNdrI kmytI iv`c Swiml krky pMjwb iekweI dw muKI QwipAw igAw, jo pMjwb nYSnl bYNk lu`tx qy skwt dI h`iqAw dIAW XojnwvW dw BweIvwl sI, BwvyN ik auh kql dI vwrdwq iv`c Swml nhIN vI sI, Aqy Bgq isMG dy AsYNblI iv`c bMb su`tx dI sbIl dw BwgIdwr vI sI; Awgry bMb bxwaux dIAW gqIivDIAW dw shwiek Aqy lwhOr kSmIr iblifMg ivKy bMb swzI dw pRmu`K sI Aqy nwl hI pwrtI ih`qW Kwqr AMimRqsr- iProzpur qoN ielwvw srh`dI sUby ivc vI ivcirAw sI[
      (qW iPr) suKdyv swzS dw idmwg qy Bgq isMG auhdI s`jI bWh sI[ suKdyv jQybMdk sI Aqy nvyN vrkr BrqI krn dy mwmly iv`c Aqy auhnW nUM FukvyN kMmI lwauNdw sI[ (hwlWik) auh is`Dy vwrdwqW iv`c G`t hI AwieAw hovy, pr XkInI qOr ’qy iehnW kwrvweIAW dy nypry cwVHx ip`Cy ausdw idmwZ qy jQybMdk Xogqw kwr&rmw sI[” _ ieMj kIqw sI Kulwsw, spYSl itRibaUnl ny Awpxy AMqm PYsly iv`c qy PWsI dI szw suxweI suKdyv nUM[
a)       kys dy pRmu`K gvwhW qy ShId suKdyv vloN itpxIAW:
jdoN 10 julweI 1930 nUM lwhOr swizS kys dy gvwhW dy ibAwn mukMml ho gey qW inXmW Anuswr swry doSIAW nUM ies swrI kwrvweI dI nkl id`qI geI, jo 700 si&AW qoN aupr sI[ pihlI vDIAw g`l ieh ik ShId suKdyv ny swrI dsqwvyz jWc-GoK ky mh`qvpUrx gvwhW qy GtnwvW aupr it`pxIAW AMikq kIqIAW sI Aqy aus qoN vI v`fI KuSiksmqI ieh ik ShId dy Coty vIr SRI mQrwdws Qwpr  ny nw isr& ieh Anmol dsqwvyz sMBwl ky hI r`Ky, blik swry irkwrfW smyq nYSnl AwrkweIvz id`lI nUM sONp id`qy[ ieh swrI kwrvweI nUM pusqk rUp iv`c XUnIstwr pbilSrj cMfIgVH v`lHoN AMgryzI iv`c CwipAw igAw hY[ nyVly Biv`K iv`c pMjwbI qy ihMdI iv`c vI ieh pwTkW dI nzr kIqw jwvygw[
kuJ vMngIAW:
(1)      skwt dI bjwey sWfrs dI h`iqAw bwry:- “(skwt ’qy golI) Bgq isMG ny clwauxI sI[ rwjgurU ny kyvl Bgq isMG dI r`iKAw krnI sI qy pMifq jI ny iehnW dohW dI[ A`gy v`l nUM inklidAW Bgq isMG ny pMifq jI v`l mUMh kridAw ikhw ik ieh ‘swihb’ skwt nhIN hY[ pr AYny nUM rwjgurU ny golI clw id`qI ijhVI (ausnUM) clwauxI nhIN sI cwhIdI ikauNik aus nUM skwt dI pihcwx nhIN sI[ pr ikaNik aus ny golI clw hI id`qI sI, so Bgq isMG nUM vI Zlq inSwny ’qy golIAW clwauxIAW peIAW[ imstr sWfrs dw kql ievyN hoieAw sI” (hvwlw: “Bgq isMG: Amr ivdrohI” _ mlivMdrjIq isMG vVYc, pMnw: 78)[
(2)     jY gopwl vwAdw muAw& dy ie`k gu`Jy Byq dw Adwlq iv`c BWfw BMnx ’qy :_ “mYN aus (jY gopwl) ’qy loVoN v`D ieqbwr krdw sW[ keI vwrI mYN auh kuJ vI kIqw jo nhIN sI krnw cwhIdw; ausnUM jorw-morI vwly mkwn iv`c nwl lY jwx dI koeI qu`k nhIN sI bxdI;  iehI Bu`l mYN ausnUM kSmIr iblifMg ’qy nwl iljw ky vI kIqI[” (ij`Qy ieh dovyN qy pMifq ikSorI lwl 15.4.1930 nUM igR&qwr hoey sn)[
(3)     JUTw gvwh (nM: 449: tWgyvwlw) pMjwb nYSnl bYNk qy fwky dI vwrdwq bwry:_ ijsny do swl ipCoN do ‘bwbUAW’ bwry ‘jwxkwrI’ pyS kIqI_
“ikAw gzb dw gvwh hY, AijhI lwjvwb XwddwSq dw mwlk ie`k tWgy vwlw! Swied iesy krky hI srkwrI vkIl imstr nof ny ies gvwhI dw itRibaUnl muUhry AMqm bihs dOrwn hvwlw nhIN sI id`qw[
(4)             bw-zmIr gvwh:- (ijhVy dukwndwr qoN hYt KrIidAw sI) gvwh nM: 319 jgn nwQ spu`qr &uMmx lwl Agrvwl, aumr 32 swl dukwndwr, AnwrklI lwhOr _ “ie`k vDIAw ienswn[” keI gvwhW ny jwxbu`J ky doSIAW nUM pihcwnx qoN twlw v`tI r`iKAw sI[ ies leI hI SRI ikSn mYijstryt dI Adwlq iv`c (srkwrI p`K vloN) ies nUM ‘munkr’ krwr dy id`qw igAw sI[ iesdy ault keI byZYrq gvwh kyvl puils nUM KuS krn leI SnwKq dI JUTI hwmI Br idMdy sI[
(A)    dvwrkwdws lwiebryrI dy nOjvwn lwiebryrIAn SRI rwjw rwm SwsqrI dI Xwd-ptwrI ivcoN:-
rwq dw smW sI[ mYN gUVI nINd sON irhw sI[ myry drvwzy au~qy sihjy-sihjy iqMn TokrW lgdIAW hn[ drvwzw KulidAW hI Bgq isMG Aqy suKdyv myry kmry iv`c dw^l huMdy hn[ mYN mMjy au~qy lyt jWdw hW Aqy auh dovyN kpVy bdlx l`gdy hn[myrw kmrw bhuq hI Cotw sI[ aus iv`c isrP ie`k hI mMjI fih skdI sI[ pr aus smyN AsIN iqMn sW[ ikhVw ik`Qy sONvyN? ieh svwl sI[ huMdw kI hY, ik mYN sOx dw bhwnw lw ky AwpxI mMjI au~qy Gysl mwr ky lMmw pY jWdw hW[ auh dovyN pihlW hOlI-hOlI Awvwz iv`c qy iPr au~cI-au~cI Awvwz iv`c ivSyS krky mYnUM suxwaux leI g`lW krn l`g pey[Bgq isMG, suKdyv nUM kihMdy hn ik rwjw rwm nUM sOx idE, AsIN dovy bih ky sihjy-sihjy g`lW krWgy[ ieh kihMidAW hoieAW, auh dovyN mMjy au~qy myry dovyN pwsy bYT jWdy hn Aqy g`lW krn l`gdy hn[ g`lW hox l`gdIAW hn Aqy dovyN mYnUM dohW pwisAW qoN D`kxw SurU kr idMdy hn, kuJ icr ipCoN dovyN mYnUM ivckwr lY ky lyt jWdy hn, dovIN pwsI[ g`lW dw qW bhwnw hI sI, Asl mksd mYnUM pRySwn krn dw sI[ huMdw ieh hY ik dovyN ie`k-dUjy pwisEN nyVy huMdy jWdy hn Aqy mYN dohW ivckwr lgBg d`ibAw jWdw hW[ ieauN myry mMjy qoN au~Tx swr hI auh dovyN pYr pswr ky mMjy ’qy iek`Ty hI lyt jWdy hn[ieh nwtk ieQy hI ^qm nhIN ho jWdw[ Bgq isMG , suKdyv nUM kihMdy hn ik, “suKdyv vIry ieh qW mMnxw hI paugw ik rwjw rwm hY bhuq nyk swQI[ auhdy qoN swfw kSt nhIN sih hoieAw Aqy Awpxw l`gw-lgwieAw ibsqrw C`f id`qw[” suKdyv juAwb idMdw hY, “Bgq isAW rwjw rwm bVw p`kw swQI hY ijhVw Awpxy imqrW dw iKAwl bhuq r`Kdw hY[ ivcwrw ie`k Sbd vI nhIN boilAw qy cu`pcwp zmIn ’qy sON igAw[” mYN ie`k dm gu`sy iv`c BVk au~Tdw hW Aqy kihx l`gdw hW, “bMd kro ieh bkvws! iek qW qusIN myrw mMjw Koh ilAw qy PrS ’qy lytx leI mzbUr kr id`qw,au~qoN myrw hI mOjU bxw rhy ho, “bs, hux cu`pcwp sON jwE nhIN qW mYN fMfw cu`k ky mwrUMgw qy rOlw pw idAWgw, iPr dohW nUM bwhr jwxw paUgw[” ies au~qy Bgq isMG kihMdy hn, “rwjw rwm dw gu`sw qW mYnUM vwjb l`gdw hY, smwjvwd qW ieho kihMdw hY ik AsIN dovyN vI mMjy nUM cu`k ky, auhdy nwl hI BuMjy PrS ’qy lyt jweIey[ swfI sB dI qklI& brwbr ho jwvygI[” iPr kI huMdw hY, mMjw auhnW KVw kr id`qw  qy AsIN iqMny BuMjy hI lyt gey[ieauN hsidAW mzwk kridAW swry dy swry gUVI nINd iv`c fu`b jWdy hW[ jdoN kdy auh rwq dy smyN Aw jWdy sn, qW ieh frwmw Aksr hI duhrwieAw jWdw sI[
(e) ie`k nyVly swQI iSv vrmw vloN 1926 iv`c pihlI mulwkwq qoN lY ky Aw^Ir q`k :_
      suixAw sI, dl iv`c ie`k ivAkqI hY ij dw nW hY ‘ivlyjr’ [ iPr iek idn jdoN Bgq isMG dI ic`TI lY ky ‘ivlyjr’ ibnW sUcnw dy Acwnk fI.ey.vI. kwlj kwnHpur dy myry kmry iv`c Aw DmikAw qW pqw l`gw ik aus bwry Awpxy idmwg iv`c mYN jo nkSw bxw r`iKAw sI auh Zlq hY[
      mYN soicAw sI ik ‘ivlyjr’ Swied ipMf dw rihx vwlw koeI nOjvwn ikswn hovygw – AnpVH jW G`t piVHAw-iliKAw, prMqU srIrk qOr ’qy qkVw, ijsdy ichry au`pr ipMf dI s^q imhnq ny bcpn qoN hI Awpxy inSwn auylIky hoxgy[ rMg vI sw& nhIN hovygw[ pr jdoN srdwr dI ic`TI myry h`QW iv`c dy ky ‘ivlyjr’ ibnW sMkoc dy muskrwieAw qW mYnUM aus pRqI AwpxIAW izAwdwqr DwrnwvW bdlxIAW peIAW[swDwrn fIl-fOl, gorw-ic`tw rMg, byh`d KUbsUrq GuMgrwly vwl, v`fIAW qYrdIAW A`KW, mulwiem KoihAw-KoihAw ichrw – ‘ivlyjr’ hor kuJ vI hovy pr ipMf dw ikswn nhIN hY –ieh mYN pihlI mulwkwq dOrwn hI jwx ilAw sI [ auh myry kmry iv`c keI idn irhw[ iesy dOrwn iek idn leI Bgq isMG vI AwieAw  qW pqw l`gw ik ‘ivlyjr’ dw AslI nW suKdyv hY[ 
      ij`Qy iek pwsy pihly idn dI mulwkwq iv`c suKdyv dy hwsy Aqy aus dIAW A~KW dw gihry iq`Kypx dw myry au~qy Asr ipAw, auQy dUjy pwsy ausdy byFMgy pihrwvy nUM dyK ky hwsw vI AwieAw[ aus ny mYly au~cy AlIgVHI pjwmy nwl K`dr dw aus qoN vI mYlw kuVqw pihn r`iKAw sI[ kuVqy dw swry btn KulyH hoey sn Aqy auh gly qoN iKsk ky s`jy moFy nUM nMgw krdw hoieAw k`CW q`k auqirAw hoieAw sI[ isr au~pr lwilAW vwlI gol topI sI ijs dy iknwirAW qoN lY ky A`D q`k qyl Aqy DUV dI qih jMm ky mom-jwmy dI qrW l`g rhI sI[ pYrW iv`c bhuq kImqI kwly rMg dy bUtW dw joVw pihn r`iKAw sI[
      Awpxy srIr, rihx-sihx Aqy pihrwvy bwry aus nUM dUsirAW dI d^l AMdwzI cMgI nhIN sI l`gdI[ ies leI ijauN hI mYN aus nUM auprokq pihrwvy bwry toikAw qW auh icVH igAw[ “mYN iksy swly dy Gry ivAwh krvwaux nhIN AwieAw, jy qYnUM myrw pihrwvw cMgw nhIN l`gdw qW A`KW bMd kr lY”, aus ny juAwb id`qw[ prMqU dl dy nW ’qy jd mYN aus nUM smJwieAw ik ieQy lok ies qrHW dw pihrwvw nhIN pihndy qW auh mMn igAw Aqy jdoN q`k irhw sw& DoqI Aqy kmIz pihndw irhw, topI vI nhIN pweI[
      ijvyN ik au~pr ikhw hY ik dl AMdr suKdyv dw nW ‘ivlyjr’ sI[ ieh nW Swied ausdy ies qrHW dy pyNfUAW vrgy aUl-jlUl ivhwr kwrx hI id`qw igAw sI[ suBwauy qoN iz`dI hox kwrx auprokq jW aus nwl imldy-juldy pihrwvy nUM aus ny kw&I smyN q`k Awpxw swDwrn pihrwvw bxweI r`iKAw[
      1928 iv`c kwnpur qoN Prwr ho ky jdoN mYN pMjwb phuMicAw qW kwPI idnW q`k AMimRqsr ’c suKdyv kol rihx dw mOkw imilAw [ ieQy vI ausdw ieho pihrwvw huMdw sI[ topI iKsk ky isr dy ipCly ih`sy ’qy jw itkI sI Aqy pYrW iv`c kImqI bUtW dI QW ie`k PtI hoeI purwxI dysI ju`qI ny lY leI sI ijsnUM auh ju`qI dI QW c`pl dy qOr qy hI vrqdw sI[ svyr qoN Swm q`k auh iesy pihrwvy iv`c hI AMimRqsr dy c`kr lwauNdw[
      dUsirAW swhmxy roxw, iksy pRqI mmqw zwhr krn, hmdrdI cwhuxw jW hmdrdI dw pwqr bxn nUM auh kmzorI smJdw sI[ iesdw ieh mqlb nhIN ik ausnUM iksy nwl lgwE nhIN sI jW auh kdy roieAw hI nhIN sI[ auh dl dy swry swQIAW dy Awrwm Aqy qklI&W bwry bhuq pRySwn rihMdw sI[ prMqU Awpxy bwry auhdw rveIAw’ ‘koeI pRvwh nhIN’ jW ‘ myrI blw jwxy’ vwlw huMdw sI[ izAwdwqr swQI vI ausdI ies Awdq qoN jwxU sn Aqy ies leI ausdy iz`dI Aqy snkI hox dy bwvjUd kuJ ku nUM C`f ky bwkI swirAW dw lgwE AMq q`k aus nwl bixAw irhw [
 dl iv`c Awaux qoN bwAd pwrtI dI BlweI Aqy AwdrS dI pUrqI iehnW dovW swhmxy dUsry iksy iKAwl nUM aus ny ie`k pl leI vI Awpxy ’qy hwvI nw hox id`qw[ Awrwm-qklI&, Kwx-pihnx dw SOk, ipAwr-muh`bq, dosqW pRqI lgwE Awid ienswn dIAW suBwivk pRivrqIAW suKdyv iv`c vI sn, pRMqU iesdI izMdgI iv`c iehnW swirAW dI jgHw AwdrSW qoN Q`ly sI[
      in`jI qOr ’qy aus nUM sB qoN v`D moh Bgq isMG nwl sI[ ipAwr nW dI jo pUMjI aus kol sI, auh swrI dI swrI aus ny Bgq isMG nUM hI sONp id`qI sI[jdoN kdy Awgry jW gvwlIAr ivKy suKdyv Aw jWdw qW ieh dovy ie`k-dUjy nUM ies qrHW ilpt jWdy ik ijvyN hor koeI hovy hI nw[ ie`k kony iv`c bYT g`lW krn iv`c auh rwqW guzwr idMdy[ rwjnIqk isDWqW qoN lY ky pMjwb dIAW v`Ko-v`KrIAW pwrtIAW, v`Ko-v`Kry nyqwvW Aqy kwrkuMnW dIAW gqIivDIAW Awid sB g`lW au~pr tIkw-it`pxI huMdI[ mOkw Awaux ’qy AwdrS ^wqr Awpxy ies sB qoN ipAwry dosq nUM vI mOq dy mUMh iv`c Byjx l`igAW aus nUM sMkoc nw hoieAw[
      AYdW dw sI suKdyv[ Pu`l qoN vI koml Aqy p`Qr qoN vI kTor[ fr ijsdy nyVy vI nhIN sI Ptkdw Aqy duSmx nwl smJOqy dI g`l ijs ny kdy ie`k pl-mwqr vI nhIN sI socI[lokW ny ausdI kTorqw hI vyKI Aqy ausnUM nwsmJ kihky aus nwl v`fI byiensw&I vI kIqI pRMqU aus ny kdy vI iksy nUM koeI iSkwieq nhIN kIqI… … AwpxIAW koml BwvnwvW nwl ipAwr Aqy mmqw nUM in`jI cIz smJ ky AMq q`k aus ny auhnW nUM Awpxy AMdr hI CupweI r`iKAw[ (hvwlw: “ShIdW dy AMg sMg”) 

 Sukhdev: - Punjabi article by Prof. Malwinderjit Singh Waraich

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